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Is the Bible Reliable?

November 29, 2006

Christianity’s foundation is the Bible, plain and simple. Christianity stands or falls with its Scriptures. To disprove Christianity, many different nations and peoples have repeatedly attempted to discredit the Bible, but to no avail. Due to the constant attacks on the Bible throughout the years, Christians have meticulously researched and have discovered a sound way to uphold the Bible.

In an attempt to demonstrate that the Bible is the Word of God, the original manuscripts must be proven to be authentic. For if the original manuscripts are forged or altered, then no other argument can prove the Bible is the Word of God. Next the content must be examined. If the text changes from manuscript to manuscript, then how can we be sure to have the correct document? Or if the facts of the Bible are false, then again, how can the Bible be true? And finally, the events in the Bible must align with history. Again, if the events of the Bible don’t parallel history, then how can the Bible be true?

First of all, there are approximately 24,970 manuscript fragments of the New Testament within 226 years of the originals, and, except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical (with an exception of two portions of text that was not in the original copies, but common in later manuscripts – which is noted in most Bibles). The Jews have kept part of the Old Testament in their Torah over the years, which wouldn’t have changed. Even so, those books couldn’t be proven to be the original text until the finding of the Dead Sea Scrolls. With the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Old Testament was finally confirmed to have stayed the same since the days before Christ. Finally, the books in the New Testament were written between 50 AD and 95 AD, a 45 year difference. During that time, legends and falsehoods would not have been able to spring up. For, the eyewitnesses would have squashed these distortions of the truth.

Even if the Biblical manuscripts are authentic first century documents, the text must have a legitimate source to truly be the Word of God. For why would we have trusted someone from the Orient in 50 AD to write about Jesus’ teachings when the Gospel hadn’t reached the Orient? Eight different men wrote the New Testament. Their names were James, John, Jude, Luke, Mark, Matthew, Paul, and Peter. Out of those eight men, six had direct contact with Jesus, the two who hadn’t been with Jesus traveled for years with someone who had.

Since we have the original text, and the authors of the New Testament are legitimate authorities on the subject, the events of the Bible align with history. However, the events of the Bible align with ‘pagan history.’ The events mentioned in the Bible are genuine events, the places of the Bible are real places, and the people in the Bible are real people, including Jesus. Many ancient non-Christians agree in their writings that Jesus was actually a man and claimed to be God, such as Tacticus (The Annals of Imperial Rome), Suetonius (Life of Cladius, Lives of the Ceasers), Roman governor Pliny the Younger (Epistles), Greek satirist Lucian (On the Death of Peregrine), Syrian Mara Bar-Serapion (a letter). Even the Jewish Talmud mention’s Jesus! Finally, modern archeology has produced evidence for the authority of the Bible. The events, places, and people are verified from non-Biblical sources through examining the remains of past cultures.

Since the Bible is proven to be the same text back then as it is now, the writings to have come from legitimate sources, and the Bible’s events to align with history, we can conclude that the Bible declares genuine history. Now whether the Bible is the Word of God or not is a totally different matter, but even more so important. Man physically wrote the words of the Bible, there is no doubt about that. But, did God speak to humanity through them? Or were the authors of the Bible writing lies?

According to the Bible itself, the Bible is the Word of God. That is clearly stated by Paul in 2 Timothy 3:16a: “All Scripture is inspired by God (God breathed)…” But does what the Bible mean anything to some? No. But, the Bible is full of prophecy. Many of that prophecy has been fulfilled, some is yet to be fulfilled. The prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah both predicted the destruction of Babylon (Isaiah 13-14 and Jeremiah 51). And Babylon did indeed fall. Cyrus the king of Persia conquered Babylon the great in 539 BC. But, a good portion of the Bible’s prophecy is concerning the Messiah, Jesus Christ. The Old Testament has four hundred twenty five prophecies on Jesus alone, and Jesus fulfilled every one. Some of the prophecies are made to the date. For example, in the book of Daniel, Daniel predicted the exact day the Messiah would enter into Jerusalem (Daniel 9:25). Daniel claimed that 438 years after a decree to rebuild the city of Jerusalem, the Messiah himself would enter into that Holy City. Since the Babylonian calendar consisted of 360 days, there are 173,880 days in 438 Babylonian years. On March 5, 444 BC, the Persian king, Artaxerxes Longimanus, decreed that the city of Jerusalem should be rebuilt. Exactly 173,880 days later, on March 30, 33 AD (after accounting for leap years), Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey.

Even the uniqueness of the claims of the Bible suggests its truth. No other religion in the world truly claims eternal life by faith alone. All religions require some form of “works” (having more good deeds than bad deeds – for example) in order to get into heaven. Some are more extreme than others, but they all still require some form of earning your way into heaven. The desire to work for something is human. Many people find it hard to accept large gifts for no reason. So man-made religions that are works based to feel adequate. But really, can a sinful, mortal man earn his way to be with a perfect God?

It is proven that we have the original text of the Bible, the authors of the Bible are legitimate sources, and the events in the Bible really happened. We have also made it clear through the prophecies and their fulfillments that some divine power has made itself known through these writings. Why shouldn’t it be the God that the Bible claims it to be? Why shouldn’t God’s Son, Jesus Christ, really be our Lord and Savior? Why shouldn’t He have really come to earth, died for our sins, and rose again? Since that is the case, it can be concluded that the Bible is true. And since the Bible is true, then Christianity is the Truth.

//Bring it World
-Brian Purkiss

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21 comments

  1. Cool, thanks for posting that. That was quite insightful to me.


  2. Well written.


  3. Lot’s of facts that I enjoyed reading. I have a particular someone I might send this to or tell about this entry.


  4. Very good. Thanks for the information!
    It will be very useful!


  5. Hey man, just thought I’d write one more post…

    The premise of the above article appears extraordinarily far fetched. I respectfully submit that claims such as “…there are approximately 24,970 manuscript fragments of the New Testament within 226 years of the originals, and, except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical” would take most biblical scholars by surprise.

    Most discussion of the reliability of the bible seem to treat it as a single monograph, rather than a collection of books – which it patently is. Over the last several hundred years, those books have been re-written and re-translated while clerical scholars have argued about which ones should be included the compendium most people refer to as the bible. Check wikipedia:bible canon. If you wish to see literature that has been included in previous versions of the bible, but has been removed as religious attitudes change, check out the apocrypha. (widipedia:apocrypha)

    -DD


  6. A few things to say.
    The Bible has not been re-written. When a new Bible translation comes out, the translators well… translate from the original text. They do not translate their Bible based on someone else’s translation. They go straight to the original source. It has been re-translated, but from the original text and for different styles of reading.

    For something as debatable as this, I would not trust Wikipedia for information. Anyone can edit Wikipedia for their own purposes if they want to. Anyone could put in false information if they wanted to discredit the Bible.

    My statement “…there are approximately 24,970 manuscript fragments of the New Testament within 226 years of the originals, and, except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical” would not take Bible Scholars by suprise however. I apologize for sounding a little arrogant in that – but that’s the truth. I put in a lot of research for that article and those numbers were very consistant. There were some variations in the number, but they were small variations.

    Finally, please feel free to post as much as you want.


  7. There is one more thing I would like to point out.
    In discussions with the “high intelectuals,” the arguements are not “is the Bible reliable” and “did a man named Jesus walk on the earth.” Instead it’s “is there really a God” and “was Jesus the Son of God.”
    The Bible checks for reliability and Jesus really did exist. The “issues” are “is there really a God” and “was Jesus just a man or the Son of God?”


  8. Brian

    A friend of mine pointed me to your site. I accept the Bible as Scripture, but I must say that your “facts” are simply not credible. Where did you get your information? As Christians does no good to present arguments based upon faulty data. Doing so simply sets us up for appearing ignorant and ill informed, which I don’t see as helping the cause of Christ. It’s one thing to be a “fool for Christ” and quite another to be simply foolish.

    Your post says:

    First of all, there are approximately 24,970 manuscript fragments of the New Testament within 226 years of the originals, and, except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical (with an exception of two portions of text that was not in the original copies, but common in later manuscripts – which is noted in most Bibles).

    There are large number of Greek NT manuscripts (MSS), but the number is closer to 5500. Of those we have only a few manuscripts (mostly fragments and individual books) that are within the 226 year range…very few compared to the total number of late manuscripts we have. The latest breakdown of manuscripts (that I know of) looks like this:

    115 Papyrus MSS
    257 Uncial MSS (Greek written in capital letters)
    2,795 Minuscule MSS (all lower case letters)
    2,200 Greek lectionaries

    Which comes to 5367 manuscripts. A very small number of these have actually been lost due to fires, theft, misplacement, etc., but they have been studied and documented. However, several others have been discovered since this list was published. Of course, this list only takes into account the Greek texts. If you added early translations Syriac, Coptic, etc the number would be closer to the 24,970 total assessment (there are about 19000 translation MSS), but these texts wouldn’t help the case of there being a small number of variants…the translations take a lot of liberty with the Greek texts and are obviously not primary witnesses in reconstructing the “original”. It is also important to note that we have no original manuscripts, and the scholars you chide in your post are the ones who developed the eclectic “original” text in our modern translations based upon a broad range of manuscripts.

    The majority of Greek MSS date well after 500 AD. Also, remember that a Manuscript is simply a hand-written version of the text. When scholars count something as a NT manuscript the date ranges from the 1st century AD all the way up to (and a little beyond) the invention of the printing press. We have significantly more MSS that date after 900-1000 AD than we do prior to that date. If we don’t include lectionaries, only about 600 Greek manuscripts survive through the 10th Century, compared to around 2500 from the 11th Century to the 16th. In the given time period of 226 years in your post, we only have around 40 Greek MSS (I think around 35 miniscules and 3 Uncials). All are either fragmentary (containing only a few verses) or contain portions of the NT. The earliest complete text we have of the New Testament is Codex Sinaiticus which dates from the 4th Century. We really only have 50 or so truly complete Greek New Testament manuscripts at all, and of those only Sinaiticus dates prior to the 9th Century.

    Out of the 5500 Greek manuscripts, there are no two that are exactly alike, and the total number of variants has been estimated at about 100,000 between the 5500. Here is a list of NT variant percentages:

    Group of Writings Total Number of Verses Number of Verses with Variants Percentage of Verses with Variants (listed by Title, total verses, verses with variants, and total percentage of variance based upon verses)

    The Gospels, 3769, 1713, 45.4%
    The Acts, 1006, 329, 32.7%
    Pauline Epistles, 2032, 495, 24.4%
    The General Epistles, 735, 220, 29.9%
    Revelation, 405, 191, 47.1%

    Total 7947 verses, 2948 verses with variances, 37.1%

    However even with these numbers, it is true that the number of significant variants (those that might affect doctrine) is very small. Hort (in the 1800s) estimated the significant variances as being about 1/1000. Of course given the 100,000 variant estimate, this comes to about 100 variants which might be considered significant. It is also important to note that one verse could contain several variants, and sometimes a whole pericope which contains several verses (like the “Adulterous Woman” in John Eight) might be considered a single variant. It terms of the specific number of verses with significant variants, I can’t remember. I have a list somewhere of what those are, and if you like I’ll forward it to you when I get the chance.


  9. Brian

    Did you get my comment? It hasn’t posted.


  10. I did get your comment Jimmy. All first time commenters must be approved by me. I do so to prevent spam etc. You will now be able to coment.

    I actually agree with you (do a degree – I’m not sure on the specific numbers. Especially on the error part) on the number of manuscripts. I got my numbers from Josh McDowell and his book “The Evidence That Demands a Verdict” Acutally, I got the numbers directly from him during a talk he gave.

    Josh McDowel is an Athiest convert. He did his research intending to disprove Christianity. As he was researching, he was converted to Christianity. His book to disprove Christianity became a book proving Christianity.

    The numbers you gave go into more detail. You broke down and expanded. We do have more manuscripts than what I stated, I was simply more specific – particularly a little over fifty years after Jesus’ death.

    The numbers I used Josh McDowell (and another knowledgable Christian pastor) himself used during his talk. He uses them when talking to non-bible scholars – like myself.

    I’m sure you could contact Josh somehow and discuss the topic with him. He’s much more knowledgeable than I am.

    Also, you asked for sources (which I just gave). Could you please give me some of your sources? Nothing personal, but I’d like to verify those numbers.

    Thank you very much for your input. If I am infact wrong, I would really like to know. In teaching/informing others, I want to be using the right facts. I am always eager for corrections and/or verifications.


  11. One more thing Jimmy.

    By what you’ve been posting, I’m assuming you’re a Christian. If so, I must make a request.

    Do not let numbers rip two Brothers in Christ apart. I am a Christian. I believe that Jesus came, died, and rose again – for us. I believe the Bible to be the infalible Word of God. All of that takes faith. Plain and simple – no matter what the numbers say. The purpose of this article is to prove to those who do not agree with my previous claims.

    The bottom line is – I believe in Jesus Christ. I believe the Bible. Please do not allow a different point of view on a particular topic (or possibly flat out errors) tear us apart. Even though I do not know you, you are still a brother to me.


  12. Brian

    No worries about differences coming between us. Looking at your site, you and I probably have several things we don’t agree on. 😉 However, I am a believer in Christ and consider us to be brothers. I too believe in the Scriptures, but we may differ on its history and how we see the role of Scripture in the life of Christians.

    I’ve read both volumes of Evidence that Demands A Verdict. Some of it is really good information, and some of it in my opinion is forced. As far as the details of the information that I gave, you could really find it in the works of any serious scholar who has worked on the Biblical texts. Just sitting and thing about it, I would have to recommend the following books by Bruce Metzger who was one of the editors of the critical editions of the Greek New Testament which most modern versions are based upon. (BTW–generally translators are not paleographers or even textual critics. There is a two part process. One group gathers the MSS and creates a “Critical Edition” of the text based upon the best MSS. Translators then use the Critical Editions with the textual notes and a committee process to develop their modern translations of the Greek text. The translators do not generally study the actual manuscripts as a part of the translation process. There are some, like Metzger, who help in creating both the Critical Edition and the Translation. Metzger–who recently passed away–was in charge of the New Revised Standard Version.) Here are recommended texts from Metzger:

    The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration (the latest version has added work from Bart Ehrman from UNC Charlotte. Bart is a former believer who is now an agnostic and skeptic. He often uses the variances to argue against Scriptural integrity, but he trained under Metzger who was a truly Godly man who held opposite views from his student). Pretty heady at times…some research may have to be done to understand segments. Some knowledge of Greek would be good, too.

    The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance is an easy read for anyone. Some Greek is used but Metzger generally explains it.

    A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament-very detailed and a knowledge of Greek may be a necessity.

    Kurt and Barbara Aland were also editors of the Critical Edition of the Greek New Testament. Their work The Text of the New Testament an Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism is also highly recommended.

    However, with the previous recommendations, some have told me they are geared a little too much toward those who have a pretty good background in Greek and textual studies. I’m a novice in Greek (more of Hebrew guy), but I was able to handle them just fine, so just a little knowledge of Greek works. If something more “everyday Joe” is needed, I would recommend Philip Comfort’s Essential Guide to Bible Versions and Bart Ehrman’s Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why . The controversial title was apparently picked by the publisher and not Ehrman…but he probably is okay with that, too. Even though he’s oppositional to Christian faith at times, his book is basically a layman’s version of Metzger’s Text of the New Testament. His details and facts are accurate, just his conclusions may be off.

    On the Old Testament manuscripts and canon, the text is Emmanuel Tov’s latest edtion of Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. It is hands down the best collection of information in a book on the OT manuscripts. Like Metzger’s Text of the New Testament and Aland’s he Text of the New Testament an Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism, it too may be a little difficult for those who are not familiar with the languages (Hebrew) and the processes of textual criticism. But it is well worth owning and working through…and hey, learning a little Hebrew would be good anyway!

    Hope that helps!


  13. BTW…my first experiences with all this stuff did start with McDowell. When I was in High School and a new Christian, I had questions about the Bible. Evidence that Demands a Verdict, volume 1 had just been published and it was very helpful. I went to school and focused on Biblical studies at a theologically liberal university where I was forced to research and find out the facts behind the Scriptures. What I found was that McDowell’s work was too simplistic. He honestly reminds me of Ehrman in some ways…he’s trying to manipulate the data to make a point, and in doing so I’m not sure the data (or the opinions of scholars) are represented accurately or contextually. I believe we should learn the truth and reality without trying to skew it. If our faith can’t stand up to the fact that the Bible has variances and such, or that we don’t have any of the originals, then we either have to re-evaluate what we believe, ignore the facts, or chunk the whole thing. For me, I’ve chosen to continue in a faith that is informed by the facts. To me it says something about God that he has trusted us–even in our fallen nature–with the message of the Gospel. That by God’s grace out of imperfection (perceived or real) he can bring redemption and perfection. I don’t have to prove the Bible to anyone, or be afraid of someone “finding out the problems” and questioning it. It can speak for itself.


  14. Also…I did a little research. I’m a little behind the game. Here’s the latest MSS list (dated 2005):

    Papyri 118
    Uncials 318
    minuscules 2877
    lectionaries 2433
    SUM: 5746

    This is an update to the last published Kurzgefasste Liste der Griechischen Handschriften des NT
    Michael Welte, Beate Köster, Klaus Junack, Kurt Aland
    Second, revised Edition
    Walter de Gruyter, 1994
    ISBN 3-11-011986-2


  15. I hope it doesn’t seem like I’m harping at you. It seems to me that you are genuinely concerned about the scholarship and information behind these issues.

    I don’t know if you saw the Discovery Channel’s “Lost Tomb of Jesus” persentation…but that is a fine example of terribly poor scholarship which is based upon assumption, conjecture, and erroneous manipulation of the data. Coming to a conclusion and then gathering only the evidence that supports your theory, manipulating that evidence, ignoring any opposing data, and not allowing peer review by specialists is simply bad science.

    Unfortunately, too many times we as Christians engage in the same type of shoddy scholarship that we point out in others. Sometimes I think we should simply admit that we don’t know certain things and that we can’t know. Each semester I teach classes on the “Life and Teachings of Jesus” and “Apologetics”. I try to prepare my students for the possibility that they may some day run into someone who is a truly knowledgeable person about the facts. If they run into a Bart Ehrman some day, I want them to be able to dialogue with knowledge and wisdom–and admit when they don’t have knowledge instead of trying to be experts in something they know nothing about. Unfortunately, I think most apologetics works/teachings set people up to look ignorant when confronted with the real data by offering simplistic solutions/information to complex issues. I believe at times these works/teachings mislead people as to what scholars actually say.

    I would like to briefly address some of the statements in your post which seem to have come from your reading of McDowell:

    except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical
    Simply not true. There are no MSS that are identitical. Especially when you take into account that some 19,000 of those are in a variety of ancient languages and many times are paraphrases. Certainly the Syriac versions and the Greek versions are not in agreement, for example. And not all of them are style and spelling errors. Some of them a major mistakes and others are intentional changes by scribes. Even Jerome in the 400s AD in putting together the Latin Vulgate complained that he couldn’t find two MSS that were the same, and that scribes continually seemed to be altering the texts he was working on:

    They write down not what they find but what they think is the meaning; and while they attempt to rectify the errors of others, they merely expose their own.” (Jerome, Epist. lxxi.5, Ad Lucinum

    Fortunately, given the high number of MSS we possess, scholars are able to discern the differences and attempt to produce a version they believe is extremely close the the orginally published text.

    The Jews have kept part of the Old Testament in their Torah over the years, which wouldn’t have changed. Even so, those books couldn’t be proven to be the original text until the finding of the Dead Sea Scrolls
    It is true that the Massoretic tradition of OT MSS (which started very early and even in Qumran texts there may be evidence of an early proto-Massoretic text) was extremely accurate–but even it has variances. And when it comes to the Qumran scrolls, there is actually a wide divergence in the texts…many having such diverging texts that books are rearranged in order and differ in terms of chapters in length. Tov’s book is a great assessment of research in this area.

    During that time, legends and falsehoods would not have been able to spring up. For, the eyewitnesses would have squashed these distortions of the truth.
    This isn’t accurate either. If this is true then how do we account for early heretical traditions that were written and had (at times) wide acceptance in certain Christian communities. The Gospel of Thomas is most likely very early, but it is Gnostic. Certainly we can gather from Paul that there were already people preaching false gospels in his own time. Jesus also told his personal disciples that “false prophets” would come in his name in order to deceive many during their own time. We have to evaluate the Scriptures based upon their own content and story. This argument amounts to “Christians don’t lie so it must be true”, and assumes that the followers of Jesus could somehow control and suppress documents throughout the Roman Empire and elsewhere.

    Since we have the original text…
    We do not have the original texts. No scholar who actually works with Biblical MSS would ever make this statement. We have reproduced a text through process of comparison and evaluation of the MSS that we possess that is as close as we can ever get to an original. But we have no “autographs”–original copies–of any Biblical work. But this isn’t a big deal for historians or text critics. We don’t have the original work of any written document from that time period. No educated person expects us to have an “original”, but unfortunately Christians keep saying that we do. On these matters, our time would be better spent informing others of how the study of ancient historical documents works. The great thing is that in this regard the Bible is at least as reliable as any other ancient work, but in many ways more so because of the number of MSS we possess. For example, if we only had one copy of the Gospel of John it would be difficult to know the process of development and if any changes were made. Since we have many copies of the New Testament we can compare, contrast, and see lines of development in the text that allow us to recreate what we believe to be close to the original. (I can go more into this process in detail if you would like.)

    Finally, modern archeology has produced evidence for the authority of the Bible. The events, places, and people are verified from non-Biblical sources through examining the remains of past cultures
    The argument that archeology has proven the Bible is a popular one. But again, by saying this we set ourselves up for frustration. Anyone making this statement should actually read the works of archeologists and not their interpreters. The top archeologists in the field of “Biblical Archeology” are constantly at odds with each other on how to interpret the data, and many of them don’t believe the archeological record lines up with Biblical history. If we tell people that archeology “proves” the Bible, then what happens when they find information from top scholars in the field that contradicts the Bible. Archeology can give evidence, it can inform. It cannot “prove” the Bible. The thing that bothers me most about McDowell in this case is that he quotes certain scholars as if they actually think this statement is true…but when you read their actual works, they would never say that “archeology proves the Bible”. William F. Albright’s works are a great example.

    Exactly 173,880 days later, on March 30, 33 AD (after accounting for leap years), Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey.
    Where does this date come from? Again, ancient history isn’t that exact. Especially in the case of someone like Jesus, who wasn’t famous in his own day. Our only sources from the 1st Century as to his crucifixion are the NT and possibly Josephus. All a historian can really say is that Jesus was crucified during Passover under Caiaphus, Herod, and Pontius Pilate, sometime after John was beheaded. Using the dates of Pilate’s government of Palestine, this would give a time period of 26 AD-36 AD. Dating Caiaphus and others is more difficult. We can know the specific weeks of Passover during these years due to the full moon cycle…but the exact year is greatly debated.

    No other religion in the world truly claims eternal life by faith alone
    I’m not sure about this one…maybe there is and maybe there isn’t. But what does it matter. If another religion did claim to give eternal life by faith alone would that invalidate Christianity?

    Sometimes printed words sound harsh or angry when they were not intended to be. Please know that none of this was written with anger or frustration.


  16. This is Brian – the Admin. I am not at home on my computer so I am not logged in as an admin. However, I only have a short amount of time, so I will address as many of them as I can. When I have more, I will address those that I cannot get to at this moment.
    Agreed – sometimes it is hard to get the propor tone across via text. After all, communication is something like 70-90% visual and 5% tone.

    I agree on the Lost Tomb of Jesus Analogy. I actually wrote an article on that: Jesus’ Body Has Been Found – AGAIN?

    Finally, modern archeology has produced evidence for the authority of the Bible. The events, places, and people are verified from non-Biblical sources through examining the remains of past cultures
    The argument that archeology has proven the Bible is a popular one.

    If you go back and read my text, I do not claim that modern archeology proves that the Bible is true. I simply state that what we have gathered of ancient History via modern archeology simply aligns with Biblical recors.

    No other religion in the world truly claims eternal life by faith alone
    I’m not sure about this one…

    Agreed. It is virtually impossible to claim that absolutely all religions claim to save by faith alone. There could be some small religion in the middle of no where that claims that.
    I am not claiming that because Christianity is one-of-a-kind, it’s true. I said:

    “Even the uniqueness of the claims of the Bible suggests its truth.”

    The uniqueness simply suggests the truth. It does not confirm it.

    Since we have the original text…
    We do not have the original texts.

    Agreed. I am sorry, I used poor wording there. When I get a chance, I will revise that wording.

    During that time, legends and falsehoods would not have been able to spring up. For, the eyewitnesses would have squashed these distortions of the truth.
    This isn’t accurate either.. If this is true then how do we account for early heretical traditions that were written and had (at times) wide acceptance in certain Christian communities.

    Eh… well – agreed. Heretical traditions did arise during that time. However, if you read most of Paul’s letters, he often adresses those issues. Often, each book (letter) written to that particular church mainly adresses the particular “issue” that church is dealing with.
    Example:

    I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ.
    -Galations 1:6-7

    There is an example of a church falling away from the faith and following a heretical gospel. Paul wrote to the Galatians because he heard of that and was drawing them back to the faith. In essence, “Eyewhitnesses were squashing the distortion of the truth.”

    except for some style and spelling differences, all 24,970 are identical
    Simply not true.

    I am simply out of my league here. I am not a Biblical scholar. I will contact a friend of mine who is more knowledgable on that subject and acquire his help.

    The Jews have kept part of the Old Testament in their Torah over the years, which wouldn’t have changed. Even so, those books couldn’t be proven to be the original text until the finding of the Dead Sea Scrolls
    … And when it comes to the Qumran scrolls, there is actually a wide divergence in the texts…

    Again, I am quite out of my league here. I am simply restating numbers/claims that I have found from many trusted sources. Including “Evidence that demands a verdict,” “I’m glad you asked,” my apologetics friend that I have mentioned, and something else… I can’t remember it off the top of my head.

    Exactly 173,880 days later, on March 30, 33 AD (after accounting for leap years), Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey.
    Where does this date come from?

    Honestly, I can’t remember at the moment. I wrote that article about a year ago. Most likely those numbers came from the book “I’m Glad You Asked,” (I can’t remember the author’s name) which is an apolgetics book adressing “difficult” questions that many Christians are afraid to be asked.
    Again, I will look into that and ask my friend.

    Wow. I had time to adress all of what you said. I guess I had more time that I thought…


  17. Heres a list of biblical contradictions, it is impossible to refute each of these, just accept it, god is a metaphor: GE 1:3-5 On the first day, God created light, then separated light and darkness. GE 1:14-19 The sun (which separates night and day) wasn’t created until the fourth day. GE 1:11-12, 26-27 Trees were created before man was created. GE 2:4-9 Man was created before trees were created. GE 1:20-21, 26-27 Birds were created before man was created. GE 2:7, 19 Man was created before birds were created. GE 1:24-27 Animals were created before man was created. GE 2:7, 19 Man was created before animals were created. GE 1:26-27 Man and woman were created at the same time. GE 2:7, 21-22 Man was created first, woman sometime later. GE 1:28 God encourages reproduction. LE 12:1-8 God requires purification rites following childbirth which, in effect, makes childbirth a sin. (Note: The period for purification following the birth of a daughter is twice that for a son.) GE 1:31 God was pleased with his creation. GE 6:5-6 God was not pleased with his creation. (Note: That God should be displeased is inconsistent with the concept of omniscience.) GE 2:4, 4:26, 12:8, 22:14-16, 26:25 God was already known as “the Lord” (Jahveh or Jehovah) much earlier than the time of Moses. EX 6:2-3 God was first known as “the Lord” (Jahveh or Jehovah) at the time of the Egyptian Bondage, during the life of Moses. GE 2:17 Adam was to die the very day that he ate the forbidden fruit. GE 5:5 Adam lived 930 years. GE 2:15-17, 3:4-6 It is wrong to want to be able to tell good from evil. HE 5:13-14 It is immature to be unable to tell good from evil. GE 4:4-5 God prefers Abel’s offering and has no regard for Cain’s. 2CH 19:7, AC 10:34, RO 2:11 God shows no partiality. He treats all alike. GE 4:9 God asks Cain where his brother Able is. PR 15:3, JE 16:17, 23:24-25, HE 4:13 God is everywhere. He sees everything. Nothing is hidden from his view. GE 4:15, DT 32:19-27, IS 34:8 God is a vengeful god. EX 15:3, IS 42:13, HE 12:29 God is a warrior. God is a consuming fire. EX 20:5, 34:14, DT 4:24, 5:9, 6:15, 29:20, 32:21 God is a jealous god. LE 26:7-8, NU 31:17-18, DT 20:16-17, JS 10:40, JG 14:19, EZ 9:5-7 The Spirit of God is (sometimes) murder and killing. NU 25:3-4, DT 6:15, 9:7-8, 29:20, 32:21, PS 7:11, 78:49, JE 4:8, 17:4, 32:30-31, ZP 2:2 God is angry. His anger is sometimes fierce. 2SA 22:7-8 (KJV) “I called to the Lord; … he heard my voice; … The earth trembled and quaked, … because he was angry. Smoke came from his nostrils. Consuming fire came from his mouth, burning coals blazed out of it.” EZ 6:12, NA 1:2, 6 God is jealous and furious. He reserves wrath for, and takes revenge on, his enemies. “… who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? His fury is poured out like fire, and rocks are thrown down by him.” 2CO 13:11, 14, 1JN 4:8, 16 God is love. GA 5:22-23 The fruit of the Spirit of God is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. GE 4:16 Cain went away (or out) from the presence of the Lord. JE 23:23-24 A man cannot hide from God. God fills heaven and earth. GE 6:4 There were Nephilim (giants) before the Flood. GE 7:21 All creatures other than Noah and his clan were annihilated by the Flood. NU 13:33 There were Nephilim after the Flood. GE 6:6. EX 32:14, NU 14:20, 1SA 15:35, 2SA 24:16 God does change his mind. NU 23:19-20, 1SA 15:29, JA 1:17 God does not change his mind. GE 6:19-22, 7:8-9, 7:14-16 Two of each kind are to be taken, and are taken, aboard Noah’s Ark. GE 7:2-5 Seven pairs of some kinds are to be taken (and are taken) aboard the Ark. GE 7:1 Noah was righteous. JB 1:1,8, JB 2:3 Job was righteous. LK 1:6 Zechariah and Elizabeth were righteous. JA 5:16 Some men are righteous, (which makes their prayers effective). 1JN 3:6-9 Christians become righteous (or else they are not really Christians). RO 3:10, 3:23, 1JN 1:8-10 No one was or is righteous. GE 7:7 Noah and his clan enter the Ark. GE 7:13 They enter the Ark (again?). GE 11:7-9 God sows discord. PR 6:16-19 God hates anyone who sows discord. GE 11:9 At Babel, the Lord confused the language of the whole world. 1CO 14:33 Paul says that God is not the author of confusion. GE 11:12 Arpachshad [Arphaxad] was the father of Shelah. LK 3:35-36 Cainan was the father of Shelah. Arpachshad was the grandfather of Shelah. GE 11:26 Terah was 70 years old when his son Abram was born. GE 11:32 Terah was 205 years old when he died (making Abram 135 at the time). GE 12:4, AC 7:4 Abram was 75 when he left Haran. This was after Terah died. Thus, Terah could have been no more than 145 when he died; or Abram was only 75 years old after he had lived 135 years. GE 12:7, 17:1, 18:1, 26:2, 32:30, EX 3:16, 6:2-3, 24:9-11, 33:11, NU 12:7-8, 14:14, JB 42:5, AM 7:7-8, 9:1 God is seen. EX 33:20, JN 1:18, 1JN 4:12 God is not seen. No one can see God’s face and live. No one has ever seen him. GE 10:5, 20, 31 There were many languages before the Tower of Babel. GE 11:1 There was only one language before the Tower of Babel. GE 15:9, EX 20:24, 29:10-42, LE 1:1-7:38, NU 28:1-29:40, God details sacrificial offerings. JE 7:21-22 God says he did no such thing. GE 16:15, 21:1-3, GA 4:22 Abraham had two sons, Ishmael and Isaac. HE 11:17 Abraham had only one son. GE 17:1, 35:11, 1CH 29:11-12, LK 1:37 God is omnipotent. Nothing is impossible with (or for) God. JG 1:19 Although God was with Judah, together they could not defeat the plainsmen because the latter had iron chariots. GE 17:7, 10-11 The covenant of circumcision is to be everlasting. GA 6:15 It is of no consequence. GE 17:8 God promises Abraham the land of Canaan as an “everlasting possession.” GE 25:8, AC 7:2-5, HE 11:13 Abraham died with the promise unfulfilled. GE 17:15-16, 20:11-12, 22:17 Abraham and his half sister, Sarai, are married and receive God’s blessings. LE 20:17, DT 27:20-23 Incest is wrong. GE 18:20-21 God decides to “go down” to see what is going on. PR 15:3, JE 16:17, 23:24-25, HE 4:13 God is everywhere. He sees everything. Nothing is hidden from his view. GE 19:30-38 While he is drunk, Lot’s two daughters “lie with him,” become pregnant, and give birth to his offspring. 2PE 2:7 Lot was “just” and “righteous.” GE 22:1-12, DT 8:2 God tempts (tests) Abraham and Moses. JG 2:22 God himself says that he does test (tempt). 1CO 10:13 Paul says that God controls the extent of our temptations. JA 1:13 God tests (tempts) no one. GE 27:28 “May God give you … an abundance of grain and new wine.” DT 7:13 If they follow his commandments, God will bless the fruit of their wine. PS 104:15 God gives us wine to gladden the heart. JE 13:12 “… every bottle shall be filled with wine.” JN 2:1-11 According to the author of John, Jesus’ first miracle was turning water to wine. RO 14:21 It is good to refrain from drinking wine. GE 35:10 God says Jacob is to be called Jacob no longer; henceforth his name is Israel. GE 46:2 At a later time, God himself uses the name Jacob. GE 36:11 The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. GE 36:15-16 Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz. 1CH 1:35-36 Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. GE 49:2-28 The fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel are: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin. RE 7:4-8 (Leaves out the tribe of Dan, but adds Manasseh.) GE 50:13 Jacob was buried in a cave at Machpelah bought from Ephron the Hittite. AC 7:15-16 He was buried in the sepulchre at Shechem, bought from the sons of Hamor. EX 3:1 Jethro was the father-in-law of Moses. NU 10:29, JG 4:11 (KJV) Hobab was the father-in-law of Moses. EX 3:20-22, DT 20:13-17 God instructs the Israelites to despoil the Egyptians, to plunder their enemies. EX 20:15, 17, LE 19:13 God prohibits stealing, defrauding, or robbing a neighbor. EX 4:11 God decides who will be dumb, deaf, blind, etc. 2CO 13:11, 14, 1JN 4:8, 16 God is a god of love. EX 9:3-6 God destroys all the cattle (including horses) belonging to the Egyptians. EX 9:9-11 The people and the cattle are afflicted with boils. EX 12:12, 29 All the first-born of the cattle of the Egyptians are destroyed. EX 14:9 After having all their cattle destroyed, then afflicted with boils, and then their first-born cattle destroyed, the Egyptians pursue Moses on horseback. EX 12:13 The Israelites have to mark their houses with blood in order for God to see which houses they occupy and “pass over” them. PR 15:3, JE 16:17, 23:24-25, HE 4:13 God is everywhere. He sees everything. Nothing is hidden from God. EX 12:37, NU 1:45-46 The number of men of military age who take part in the Exodus is given as more than 600,000. Allowing for women, children, and older men would probably mean that a total of about 2,000,000 Israelites left Egypt. 1KI 20:15 All the Israelites, including children, number only 7000 at a later time. EX 15:3, 17:16, NU 25:4, 32:14, IS 42:13 God is a man of war–he is fierce and angry. RO 15:33, 2CO 13:11, 14, 1JN 4:8, 16 God is a god of love and peace. EX 20:1-17 God gave the law directly to Moses (without using an intermediary). GA 3:19 The law was ordained through angels by a mediator (an intermediary). EX 20:4 God prohibits the making of any graven images whatsoever. EX 25:18 God enjoins the making of two graven images. EX 20:5, 34:7, NU 14:18, DT 5:9, IS 14:21-22 Children are to suffer for their parent’s sins. DT 24:16, EZ 18:19-20 Children are not to suffer for their parent’s sins. EX 20:8-11, 31:15-17, 35:1-3 No work is to be done on the Sabbath, not even lighting a fire. The commandment is permanent, and death is required for infractions. MK 2:27-28 Jesus says that the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath (after his disciples were criticized for breaking the Sabbath). RO 14:5, CN 2:14-16 Paul says the Sabbath commandment was temporary, and to decide for yourself regarding its observance. EX 20:12, DT 5:16, MT 15:4, 19:19, MK 7:10, 10:19, LK 18:20 Honor your father and your mother is one of the ten commandments. It is reinforced by Jesus. MT 10:35-37, LK 12:51-53, 14:26 Jesus says that he has come to divide families; that a man’s foes will be those of his own household; that you must hate your father, mother, wife, children, brothers, sisters, and even your own life to be a disciple. MT 23:9 Jesus says to call no man on earth your father. EX 20:13, DT 5:17, MK 10:19, LK 18:20, RO 13:9, JA 2:11 God prohibits killing. GE 34:1-35:5 God condones trickery and killing. EX 32:27, DT 7:2, 13:15, 20:1-18 God orders killing. 2KI 19:35 An angel of the Lord slaughters 185,000 men. (Note: See Atrocities section for many more examples.) EX 20:14 God prohibits adultery. HO 1:2 God instructs Hosea to “take a wife of harlotry.” EX 21:23-25, LE 24:20, DT 19:21 A life for a life, an eye for an eye, etc. MT 5:38-44, LK 6:27-29 Turn the other cheek. Love your enemies. EX 23:7 God prohibits the killing of the innocent. NU 31:17-18, DT 7:2, JS 6:21-27, 7:19-26, 8:22-25, 10:20, 40, 11:8-15, 20, JG 11:30-39, 21:10-12, 1SA 15:3 God orders or approves the complete extermination of groups of people which include innocent women and/or children. (Note: See Atrocities section for many other examples of the killing of innocents.) EX 34:6, DT 7:9-10, TS 1:2 God is faithful and truthful. He does not lie. NU 14:30 God breaks his promise. EX 34:6, DT 7:9-10, TS 1:2 God is faithful and truthful. He does not lie. 1KI 22:21-23 God condones a spirit of deception. EX 34:6, DT 7:9-10, TS 1:2 God is faithful and truthful. He does not lie. 2TH 2:11-12 God deludes people, making them believe what is false, so as to be able to condemn them. (Note: some versions use the word persuade here. The context makes clear, however, that deception is involved.) EX 34:6-7, JS 24:19, 1CH 16:34 God is faithful, holy and good. IS 45:6-7, LA 3:8, AM 3:6 God is responsible for evil. EX 34:6-7, HE 9:27 God remembers sin, even when it has been forgiven. JE 31:34 God does not remember sin when it has been forgiven. LE 3:17 God himself prohibits forever the eating of blood and fat. MT 15:11, CN 2:20-22 Jesus and Paul say that such rules don’t matter–they are only human injunctions. LE 19:18, MT 22:39 Love your neighbor [as much as] yourself. 1CO 10:24 Put your neighbor ahead of yourself. LE 21:10 The chief priest is not to rend his clothes. MT 26:65, MK 14:63 He does so during the trial of Jesus. LE 25:37, PS 15:1, 5 It is wrong to lend money at interest. MT 25:27, LK 19:23-27 It is wrong to lend money without interest. NU 11:33 God inflicts sickness. JB 2:7 Satan inflicts sickness. NU 15:24-28 Sacrifices can, in at least some case, take away sin. HE 10:11 They never take away sin. NU 25:9 24,000 died in the plague. 1CO 10:8 23,000 died in the plague. NU 30:2 God enjoins the making of vows (oaths). MT 5:33-37 Jesus forbids doing so, saying that they arise from evil (or the Devil). NU 33:38 Aaron died on Mt. Hor. DT 10:6 Aaron died in Mosera. NU 33:41-42 After Aaron’s death, the Israelites journeyed from Mt. Hor, to Zalmonah, to Punon, etc. DT 10:6-7 It was from Mosera, to Gudgodah, to Jotbath. DT 6:15, 9:7-8, 29:20, 32:21 God is sometimes angry. MT 5:22 Anger is a sin. DT 7:9-10 God destroys his enemies. MT 5:39-44 Do not resist your enemies. Love them. DT 18:20-22 A false prophet is one whose words do not come true. Death is required. EZ 14:9 A prophet who is deceived, is deceived by God himself. Death is still required. DT 23:1 A castrate may not enter the assembly of the Lord. IS 56:4-5 Some castrates will receive special rewards. DT 23:1 A castrate may not enter the assembly of the Lord. MT 19:12 Men are encouraged to consider making themselves castrates for the sake of the Kingdom of God. DT 24:1-5 A man can divorce his wife simply because she displeases him and both he and his wife can remarry. MK 10:2-12 Divorce is wrong, and to remarry is to commit adultery. DT 24:16, 2KI 14:6, 2CH 25:4, EZ 18:20 Children are not to suffer for their parent’s sins. RO 5:12, 19, 1CO 15:22 Death is passed to all men by the sin of Adam. DT 30:11-20 It is possible to keep the law. RO 3:20-23 It is not possible to keep the law. JS 11:20 God shows no mercy to some. LK 6:36, JA 5:11 God is merciful. JG 4:21 Sisera was sleeping when Jael killed him. JG 5:25-27 Sisera was standing. JS 10:38-40 Joshua himself captured Debir. JG 1:11-15 It was Othniel, who thereby obtained the hand of Caleb’s daughter, Achsah. 1SA 8:2-22 Samuel informs God as to what he has heard from others. PR 15:3, JE 16:17, 23:24-25, HE 4:13 God is everywhere. He sees and hears everything. 1SA 9:15-17 The Lord tells Samuel that Saul has been chosen to lead the Israelites and will save them from the Philistines. 1SA 15:35 The Lord is sorry that he has chosen Saul. 1SA 31:4-7 Saul commits suicide and the Israelites are overrun by the Philistines. 1SA 15:7-8, 20 The Amalekites are utterly destroyed. 1SA 27:8-9 They are utterly destroyed (again?). 1SA 30:1, 17-18 They raid Ziklag and David smites them (again?). 1SA 16:10-11, 17:12 Jesse had seven sons plus David, or eight total. 1CH 2:13-15 He had seven total. 1SA 16:19-23 Saul knew David well before the latter’s encounter with Goliath. 1SA 17:55-58 Saul did not know David at the time of his encounter with Goliath and had to ask about David’s identity. 1SA 17:50 David killed Goliath with a slingshot. 1SA 17:51 David killed Goliath (again?) with a sword. 1SA 17:50 David killed Goliath. 2SA 21:19 Elhanan killed Goliath. (Note: Some translations insert the words “the brother of” before Elhanan. These are an addition to the earliest manuscripts in an apparent attempt to rectify this inconsistency.) 1SA 21:1-6 Ahimalech was high priest when David ate the bread. MK 2:26 Abiathar was high priest at the time. 1SA 28:6 Saul inquired of the Lord, but received no answer. 1CH 10:13-14 Saul died for not inquiring of the Lord. 1SA 31:4-6 Saul killed himself by falling on his sword. 2SA 1:2-10 Saul, at his own request, was slain by an Amalekite. 2SA 21:12 Saul was killed by the Philistines on Gilboa. 1CH 10:13-14 Saul was slain by God. 2SA 6:23 Michal was childless. 2SA 21:8 (KJV) She had five sons. 2SA 24:1 The Lord inspired David to take the census. 1CH 21:1 Satan inspired the census. 2SA 24:9 The census count was: Israel 800,000 and Judah 500,000. 1CH 21:5 The census count was: Israel 1,100,000 and Judah 470,000. 2SA 24:10-17 David sinned in taking the census. 1KI 15:5 David’s only sin (ever) was in regard to another matter. 2SA 24:24 David paid 50 shekels of silver for the purchase of a property. 1CH 21:22-25 He paid 600 shekels of gold. 1KI 3:12 God made Solomon the wisest man that ever lived, yet …. 1KI 11:1-13 Solomon loved many foreign women (against God’s explicit prohibition) who turned him to other gods (for which he deserved death). 1KI 3:12, 4:29, 10:23-24, 2CH 9:22-23 God made Solomon the wisest king and the wisest man that ever lived. There never has been nor will be another like him. MT 12:42, LK 11:31 Jesus says: “… now one greater than Solomon is here.” 1KI 4:26 Solomon had 40,000 horses (or stalls for horses). 2CH 9:25 He had 4,000 horses (or stalls for horses). 1KI 5:16 Solomon had 3,300 supervisors. 2CH 2:2 He had 3,600 supervisors. 1KI 7:15-22 The two pillars were 18 cubits high. 2CH 3:15-17 They were 35 cubits high. 1KI 7:26 Solomon’s “molten sea” held 2000 “baths” (1 bath = about 8 gallons). 2CH 4:5 It held 3000 “baths.” 1KI 8:12, 2CH 6:1, PS 18:11 God dwells in thick darkness. 1TI 6:16 God dwells in unapproachable light. 1KI 8:13, AC 7:47 Solomon, whom God made the wisest man ever, built his temple as an abode for God. AC 7:48-49 God does not dwell in temples built by men. 1KI 9:28 420 talents of gold were brought back from Ophir. 2CH 8:18 450 talents of gold were brought back from Ophir. 1KI 15:14 Asa did not remove the high places. 2CH 14:2-3 He did remove them. 1KI 16:6-8 Baasha died in the 26th year of King Asa’s reign. 2CH 16:1 Baasha built a city in the 36th year of King Asa’s reign. 1KI 16:23 Omri became king in the thirty-first year of Asa’s reign and he reigned for a total of twelve years. 1KI 16:28-29 Omri died, and his son Ahab became king in the thirty- eighth year of Asa’s reign. (Note: Thirty-one through thirty-eight equals a reign of seven or eight years.) 1KI 22:23, 2CH 18:22, 2TH 2:11 God himself causes a lying spirit. PR 12:22 God abhors lying lips and delights in honesty. 1KI 22:42-43 Jehoshaphat did not remove the high places. 2CH 17:5-6 He did remove them. 2KI 2:11 Elijah went up to heaven. JN 3:13 Only the Son of Man (Jesus) has ever ascended to heaven. 2CO 12:2-4 An unnamed man, known to Paul, went up to heaven and came back. HE 11:5 Enoch was translated to heaven. 2KI 4:32-37 A dead child is raised (well before the time of Jesus). MT 9:18-25, JN 11:38-44 Two dead persons are raised (by Jesus himself). AC 26:23 Jesus was the first to rise from the dead. 2KI 8:25-26 Ahaziah was 22 years old when he began his reign. 2CH 22:2 He was 42 when he began his reign. [Note: Some translations use “twenty-two” here in an attempt to rectify this discrepancy. The Hebrew is clear, however, that 2CH 22:2 is 42. The Hebrew words involved are Strong’s H705 and H8147, “forty” and “two,” respectively.] 2KI 9:27 Jehu shot Ahaziah near Ibleam. Ahaziah fled to Meggido and died there. 2CH 22:9 Ahaziah was found hiding in Samaria, brought to Jehu, and put to death. 2KI 16:5 The King of Syria and the son of the King of Israel did not conquer Ahaz. 2CH 28:5-6 They did conquer Ahaz. 2KI 24:8 Jehoiachin (Jehoiakim) was eighteen years old when he began to reign. 2CH 36:9 He was eight. (Note: This discrepancy has been “corrected” in some versions.) 2KI 24:8 Jehoiachin (Jehoiakim) reigned three months. 2CH 36:9 He reigned three months and ten days. 2KI 24:17 Jehoiachin (Jehoaikim) was succeeded by his uncle. 2CH 36:10 He was succeeded by his brother. 1CH 3:11-13 The lineage is: Joram, Ahaziah, Joash, Amaziah, Azariah, Jotham. MT 1:8-9 It is: Joram, Uzziah, Jotham, etc. 1CH 3:19 Pedaiah was the father of Zerubbabel. ER 3:2 Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel. 2CH 19:7, AC 10:34, RO 2:11 There is no injustice or partiality with the Lord. RO 9:15-18 God has mercy on (and hardens the hearts of) whom he pleases. ER 2:3-64 (Gives the whole congregation as 42,360 while the actual sum of the numbers is about 30,000.) JB 2:3-6, 21:7-13, 2TI 3:12 The godly are persecuted and chastised but the wicked grow old, wealthy, and powerful, unchastised by God. PS 55:23, 92:12-14, PR 10:2-3, 27-31, 12:2, 21 The lives of the wicked are cut short. The righteous flourish and obtain favor from the Lord. PS 10:1 God cannot be found in time of need. He is “far off.” PS 145:18 God is near to all who call upon him in truth. PS 22:1-2 God sometimes forsakes his children. He does not answer. PS 46:1 God is a refuge, a strength, a very present help. PS 30:5, JE 3:12, MI 7:18 God’s anger does not last forever. JE 17:4, MT 25:46 It does last forever. (He has provided for eternal punishment.) PS 58:10-11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees vengeance. PR 24:16-18 Do not rejoice when your enemy falls or stumbles. PS 78:69, EC 1:4, 3:14 The earth was established forever. PS 102:25-26, MT 24:35, MK 13:31, LK 21:33, HE 1:10-11, 2PE 3:10 The earth will someday perish. PR 3:13, 4:7, 19:8, JA 1:5 Happy is the man who finds wisdom. Get wisdom. LK 2:40, 52 Jesus was filled with wisdom and found favor with God. 1CO 1:19-25, 3:18-20 Wisdom is foolishness. PR 12:2, RO 8:28 A good man obtains favor from the Lord. 2TI 3:12, HE 12:6 The godly will be persecuted. PR 14:8 The wisdom of a prudent man is to discern his way. MT 6:25-34 Take no thought for tomorrow. God will take care of you. PR 14:15-18 The simple believe everything and acquire folly; the prudent look where they are going and are crowned with knowledge. MT 18:3, LK 18:17 You must believe as little children do. 1CO 1:20, 27 God has made the wisdom of the world foolish so as to shame the wise. PR 16:4 God made the wicked for the “day of evil.” MT 11:25, MK 4:11-12 God and Jesus hide some things from some people. JN 6:65 No one can come to Jesus unless it is granted by God. RO 8:28-30 Some are predestined to be called to God, believe in Jesus, and be justified. RO 9:15-18 God has mercy on, and hardens the hearts of, whom he pleases. 2TH 2:11-12 God deceives the wicked so as to be able to condemn them. 1TI 2:3-4, 2PE 3:9 [Yet] God wants all to be saved. PR 8:13, 16:6 It is the fear of God that keeps men from evil. 1JN 4:18 There is no fear in love. Perfect love drives out fear. 1JN 5:2, 2JN 1:6 Those who love God keep his commandments. PR 26:4 Do not answer a fool. To do so makes you foolish too. PR 26:5 Answer a fool. If you don’t, he will think himself wise. PR 30:5 Every word of God proves true. JE 8:8 The scribes falsify the word of God. JE 20:7, EZ 14:9, 2TH 2:11-12 God himself deceives people. (Note: Some versions translate deceive as “persuade.” The context makes clear, however, that deception is involved.) IS 3:13 God stands to judge. JL 3:12 He sits to judge. IS 44:24 God created heaven and earth alone. JN 1:1-3 Jesus took part in creation. IS 53:9 Usually taken to be a prophecy re: Jesus, mentions burial with others. MT 27:58-60, MK 15:45-46, LK 23:52-53, JN 19:38-42 Jesus was buried by himself. JE 12:13 Some sow wheat but reap thorns. MI 6:15 Some sow but won’t reap anything. MT 25:26, LK 19:22 Some reap without sowing. 2CO 9:6, GA 6:7 A man reaps what he sows. JE 32:18 God shows love to thousands, but brings punishment for the sins of their fathers to many children. 2CO 13:11, 14, 1JN 4:8, 16 God is a god of love. JE 34:4-5 Zedekiah was to die in peace. JE 52:10-11 Instead, Zedekaih’s sons are slain before his eyes, his eyes are then put out, he is bound in fetters, taken to Babylon and left in prison to die. EZ 20:25-26 The law was not good. The sacrifice of children was for the purpose of horrifying the people so that they would know that God is Lord. RO 7:12, 1TI 1:8 The law is good. EZ 26:15-21 God says that Tyre will be destroyed and will never be found again. (Nebudchanezzar failed to capture or destroy Tyre. It is still inhabited.) DN 5:1 (Gives the title of “king” to Belshazzar although Belshazzar was actually the “viceroy.”) DN 5:2 (Says that Nebuchadnezzar was the father of Belshazzar, but actually, Nebonidus was the father of Belshazzar.) (Note: Some versions attempt to correct this error by making the verse say that Nebuchadnezzar was the grandfather of Belshazzar.) ZE 11:12-13 Mentions “thirty pieces” and could possibly be thought to be connected with the Potter’s Field prophesy referred to in Matthew. MT 27:9 Jeremiah is given as the source of the prophesy regarding the purchase of the Potter’s Field. (Note: There is no such prophesy in Jeremiah.) MT 1:6-7 The lineage of Jesus is traced through David’s son, Solomon. LK 3:23-31 It is traced through David’s son, Nathan. (Note: Some apologists assert that Luke traces the lineage through Mary. That this is untrue is obvious from the context since Luke and Matthew both clearly state that Joseph was Jesus’ father.) MT 1:16 Jacob was Joseph’s father. LK 3:23 Heli was Joseph’s father. MT 1:17 There were twenty-eight generations from David to Jesus. LK 3:23-38 There were forty-three. MT 1:18-21 The Annunciation occurred after Mary had conceived Jesus. LK 1:26-31 It occurred before conception. MT 1:20 The angel spoke to Joseph. LK 1:28 The angel spoke to Mary. MT 1:20-23, LK 1:26-33 An angel announces to Joseph and/or Mary that the child (Jesus) will be “great,” the “son of the Most High,” etc., and …. MT 3:13-17, MK 1:9-11 The baptism of Jesus is accompanied by the most extraordinary happenings, yet …. MK 3:21 Jesus’ own relatives (or friends) attempt to constrain him, thinking that he might be out of his mind, and …. MK 6:4-6 Jesus says that a prophet is without honor in his own house (which certainly should not have been the case considering the Annunciation and the Baptism). MT 1:23 He will be called Emmanuel (or Immanuel). MT 1:25 Instead, he was called Jesus. MT 2:13-16 Following the birth of Jesus, Joseph and Mary flee to Egypt, (where they stay until after Herod’s death) in order to avoid the murder of their firstborn by Herod. Herod slaughters all male infants two years old and under. (Note: John the Baptist, Jesus’ cousin, though under two is somehow spared without fleeing to Egypt.) LK 2:22-40 Following the birth of Jesus, Joseph and Mary remain in the area of Jerusalem for the Presentation (about forty days) and then return to Nazareth without ever going to Egypt. There is no slaughter of the infants. MT 2:23 “And he went and lived in a town called Nazareth. So was fulfilled what was said through the prophets: He will be called a Nazarene.\'” (This prophecy is not found in the OT and while Jesus is often referred to as “Jesus of Nazareth”, he is seldom referred to as “Jesus the Nazarene.”) MT 3:11-14, JN 1:31-34 John realized the true identity of Jesus (as the Messiah) either prior to the actual Baptism, or from the Baptism onward. The very purpose of John’s baptism was to reveal Jesus to Israel. MT 11:2-3 After the Baptism, John sends his disciples to ask if Jesus is the Messiah. MT 3:12, 13:42 Hell is a furnace of fire (and must therefore be light). MT 8:12, 22:13, 25:30 Hell is an “outer darkness” (and therefore dark). MT 3:16, MK 1:10 It was Jesus who saw the Spirit descending. JN 1:32 It was John who saw the Spirit descending. MT 3:17 The heavenly voice addressed the crowd: “This is my beloved Son.” MK 1:11, LK 3:22 The voice addressed Jesus: “You are my beloved Son….” MT 4:1-11, MK 1:12-13 Immediately following his Baptism, Jesus spent forty days in the wilderness resisting temptation by the Devil. JN 2:1-11 Three days after the Baptism, Jesus was at the wedding in Cana. MT 4:5-8 The Devil took Jesus to the pinnacle of the temple, then to the mountain top. LK 4:5-9 First to the mountain top, then to the pinnacle of the temple. MT 4:18-20, MK 1:16-18 (One story about choosing Peter as a disciple.) LK 5:2-11 (A different story.) JN 1:35-42 (Still another story.) MT 5:1 – 7:29 Jesus delivers his most noteworthy sermon while on the mount. LK 6:17-49 Jesus delivers his most noteworthy sermon while on the plain. (Note: No such sermons are mentioned in either MK or JN and Paul seems totally unfamiliar with either the sermon on the mount or the sermon on the plain.) MT 5:16 Good works should be seen. MT 6:1-4 They should be kept secret. MT 5:17-19, LK 16:17 Jesus underscores the permanence of the law. LE 10:8 – 11:47, DT 14:3-21 The law distinguishes between clean and unclean foods. MK 7:14-15, MK 7:18-19 Jesus says that there is no such distinction. 1TI 4:1-4 All foods are clean according to Paul. MT 5:17-19, LK 16:17 Jesus did not come to abolish the law. EP 2:13-15, HE 7:18-19 Jesus did abolish the law. MT 5:22 Anyone who calls another a fool is liable to Hell. MT 7:26 Jesus says that anyone who hears his words and does not do them is a fool. (Note: The translation now prevalent, “like a foolish man,” in MT 7:26 is a dishonest attempt to alleviate the obvious inconsistency here in that the oldest Greek manuscripts use the same Greek word translated “fool” in MT 5:22 and “like a foolish man” in MT 7:26.) MT 23:17-19 Jesus twice calls the Pharisees blind fools. MT 25:2, 3, 8 Jesus likens the maidens who took no oil to fools. (Note: Again, this is the same Greek word translated “fool” in MT 5:22 and MT 23:17-19.) 1CO 1:23, 3:18, 4:10 Paul uses fool with regard to Christians becoming fools for Christ. (Note: Again, this is the same Greek word translated “fool” in MT 5:22 and MT 23:17-19.) MT 5:22 Anger by itself is a sin. EP 4:26 Anger is not necessarily a sin. MT 5:22 Anger by itself is a sin. MT 11:22-24, LK 10:13-15 Jesus curses the inhabitants of several cities who are not sufficiently impressed with his mighty works. MT 21:19, MK 11:12-14 Jesus curses a fig tree when it fails to bear fruit out of season. MK 3:5 Jesus looks around “angrily.” MT 5:32 Divorce, except on the grounds of unchastity, is wrong. MK 10:11-12 Divorce on any grounds is wrong. MT 5:39, MT 5:44 Jesus says: “Do not resist evil. Love your enemies.” MT 6:15, 12:34, 16:3, 22:18, 23:13-15, 17, 19, 27, 29, 33, MK 7:6, LK 11:40, 44, 12:56 Jesus repeatedly hurls epithets at his opponents. MT 5:39, MT 5:44 Do not resist evil. Love your enemies. LK 19:27 God is likened to one who destroys his enemies. MT 5:39, MT 5:44 Do not resist evil. Love your enemies. 2JN 1:9-11 Shun anyone who does not hold the proper doctrine. MT 5:43-44, MT 22:39 Love your enemies. Love your neighbor as yourself. MT 10:5 Go nowhere among the Gentiles nor enter a Samaritan town. JN 8:58-59 Jesus hid himself, apparently to avoid being stoned. MT 5:45, 7:21 God resides in heaven. MK 13:32 The angels reside in heaven AC 7:55, HE 12:2 Jesus is at the right hand of God, in heaven. 1PE 1:3-4 Believers will inherit eternal life in heaven. MT 24:35, MK 13:31, LK 21:33 Heaven will pass away. MT 6:13 God might lead us into temptation and it is better avoided. JA 1:2-3 Temptation is joy. MT 6:13 Jesus’ prayer implies that God might lead us into temptation. JA 1:13 God tempts no one. MT 6:25-34, LK 12:22-31 Take no thought for tomorrow. God will take care of you. 1TI 5:8 A man who does not provide for his family is worse than an infidel. (Note: Providing for a family certainly involves taking “thought for tomorrow.”) MT 7:1-2 Do not judge. MT 7:15-20 Instructions for judging a false prophet. MT 7:7-8, LK 11:9-10 Ask and it will be given. Seek and you will find. LK 13:24 Many will try to enter the Kingdom but will be unable. MT 7:21 Not everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. AC 2:21, RO 10:13 Whoever calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. AC 2:39 Those God calls to himself will be saved. MT 7:21, LK 10:36-37, RO 2:6, 13, JA 2:24 We are justified by works, not by faith. JN 3:16, RO 3:20-26, EP 2:8-9, GA 2:16 We are justified by faith, not by works. MT 8:5-12 The centurion himself approaches Jesus to ask to heal his servant. LK 7:2-10 The centurion sends elders to do the asking. MT 8:16, LK 4:40 Jesus healed all that were sick. MK 1:32-34 Jesus healed many (but not all). MT 8:28-33 Two demoniacs are healed in the Gadarene swine incident. MK 5:2-16, LK 8:26-36 One demoniac is healed in this incident. MT 9:18 The ruler’s daughter was already dead when Jesus raised her. LK 8:42 She was dying, but not dead. MT 10:1-8 Jesus gives his disciples the power to exorcise and heal… MT 17:14-16 (Yet) the disciples are unable to do so. MT 10:2, MK 3:16-19 The twelve apostles (disciples) were: Simon (Peter), Andrew his brother, James the son of Zebedee, John his brother, Philip, Bartholemew, Thomas, Matthew the tax collector, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus (Labbaeus), Simon, and Judas Iscariot. LK 6:13-16 The above except that Thaddaeus (Labbaeus) is excluded, and Judas the son of James is added (and Judas Iscariot remains). AC 1:13, 26 Same as MT and MK except that, like LK Thaddaeus (Labbaeus) is excluded, Judas the son of James is included, and Mathias is chosen by the others to replace Judas Iscariot. MT 10:2, 5-6 Peter was to be an apostle to the Jews and not go near the Gentiles. AC 15:7 He was an apostle to the Gentiles. MT 10:10 Do not take sandals (shoes) or staves. MK 6:8-9 Take sandals (shoes) and staves. MT 10:34, LK 12:49-53 Jesus has come to bring a sword, fire, and division–not peace. JN 16:33 Jesus says: “In me you have peace.” MT 10:22, 24:13, MK 13:13 He that endures to the end will be saved. MK 16:16 He that believes and is baptized will be saved. JN 3:5 Only he that is born of water and Spirit will be saved. AC 16:31 He that believes on the Lord Jesus will be saved. AC 2:21 He that calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved. RO 10:9 He who confesses with his mouth “Jesus is Lord” and believes in his heart that God raised him from the dead will be saved. 1JN 4:7 He who loves is born of God (and presumably will be saved.) MT 10:28, LK 12:4 Jesus says not to fear men. (Fear God only.) MT 12:15-16, JN 7:1-10, 8:59, 10:39, 11:53-54 Jesus hid, escaped, went secretly, etc. MT 11:7-15, 17:12-13 Jesus says that John the Baptist was a prophet, and more. JN 1:21 John himself says that he is not a prophet, nor is he Elijah. MT 11:25, MK 4:11-12 Jesus thanks God for hiding some things from the wise while revealing them to “babes.” He says that he uses parables so that the meaning of some of his teachings will remain hidden to at least some persons, and specifically so that they will not turn and be forgiven. MK 4:22 Jesus says that all things should be made known. MT 11:29 Jesus says that he is gentle (meek) and humble (lowly). JN 2:15 Jesus makes a whip of cords, drives the money changers from the Temple, overturns their tables, and pours out their coins. (Note: The presence of the money changers in the outer court of the Temple had been authorized by the Temple authorities and was, in fact, a necessity since the Jews would not accept Roman coin for the purchase of sacrifices.) MT 12:5 Jesus says that the law (OT) states that the priests profane the Sabbath but are blameless. (No such statement is found in the OT. MT 12:30 Jesus says that those who are not with him are against him. MK 9:40 Jesus says that those who are not against him are for him. (Note: This puts those who are indifferent or undecided in the “for him” category in the first instance and in the “against him” category in the second instance.) MT 12:39, MK 8:12, LK 11:29 Jesus says that he will give no “sign.” JN 3:2, 20:30, AC 2:22 Jesus proceeds to give many such “signs.” MT 13:34, MK 4:34 Jesus addresses the crowds only in parables, so that they would not fully understand. He explains the meaning only to his disciples. JN 1:1 – 21:25 (Throughout the book of John, unlike the other Gospels, Jesus addresses the crowds in a very straightforward manner. He does not employ parables.) MT 13:58, MK 6:5 In spite of his faith, Jesus is not able to perform mighty miracles. MT 17:20, 19:26, MK 9:23, 10:27, LK 17:6, 18:27 Jesus says that anything is possible to him who believes if he has the faith of a grain of mustard seed. All things are possible with God. A mountain can be commanded to move and it will move. MT 5:37, 15:19, MK 7:22, JN 8:14, 44, 14:6, 18:37 Jesus says that you should answer a plain “yes” or “no,” that his purpose is to bear witness to the truth, and that his testimony is true. He equates lying with evil. JN 7:2-10 Jesus tells his brothers that he is not going to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Tabernacles, then later goes secretly by himself. (Note: The words “not yet” were added to some versions at JN 7:8 in order to alleviate this problem. The context at JN 7:10 makes the deception clear, however.) MT 16:6, 11 Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees. MK 8:15 Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod. MT 16:18 Jesus founds his church on Peter and will give him the keys of the kingdom. MT 16:23 Jesus calls Peter [a] “Satan” and “a hindrance,” and accuses him of being on the side of men rather than that of God. MT 16:18 Jesus founds his church on Peter and will give him the keys of the kingdom. AC 15:1-21 James presides over the first Council of Jerusalem and formulates the decree regarding the accepting of Gentiles which is sent to the other churches. (Note: Tradition has it that James was appointed as the first Bishop or Pope, not Peter.) MT 17:1-2 The Transfiguration occurs six days after Jesus foretells his suffering. LK 9:28-29 It takes place about eight days afterwards. MT 20:20-21 The mother of James and John asks Jesus a favor for her sons. MK 10:35-37 They ask for themselves. MT 20:23, MK 10:40 Jesus responds that it is not his to give. MT 28:18, JN 3:35 All authority has been given to Jesus. MT 20:29-34 Jesus heals two blind men on the way to Jericho. MK 10:46-52 He heals one blind man. MT 21:1-17 The sequence was: triumphal entry, cleansing of the temple, Bethany. MK 11:1-19 Triumphal entry, cleansing of the temple. LK 19:28-48 Triumphal entry, cleansing of the temple, daily teaching in the temple. JN 12:1-18 Cleansing of the temple (early in his career), Supper with Lazarus, triumphal entry, no cleansing of the temple following the triumphal entry. MT 21:2-6, MK 11:2-7, LK 19:30-35 The disciples follow Jesus instructions and bring him the animal (or animals, in the case of MT). JN 12:14 Jesus finds the animal himself. MT 21:7 Jesus rides two animals during his triumphal entry. MK 11:7, LK 19:35, JN 12:14 Only one animal is involved. MT 21:12-13 The cleansing of the temple occurs at the end of Jesus’ career. JN 2:13-16 It occurs near the beginning of his career. MT 21:19-20 The fig tree withers immediately after being cursed by Jesus. The disciples notice and are amazed. MK 11:13-14, 20-21 The disciples first notice that the tree has withered the day following. MT 23:35 Jesus says that Zacharias (Zechariah) was the son of Barachias (Barachiah). 2CH 24:20 Zacharias was actually the son of Jehoida, the priest. (Note: The name Barachias, or Barachiah, does not appear in the O.T.) MT 24:29-33, MK 13:24-29 The coming of the kingdom will be accompanied by signs and miracles. LK 17:20-21 It will not be accompanied by signs and miracles. It is already within. MT 25:34 Heaven was prepared before the Ascension of Jesus. JN 14:2-3 It was prepared after the Ascension of Jesus. MT 26:6-13, MK 14:3 The anointing of Jesus takes place in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper. LK 7:36-38 It takes place at the house of a Pharisee in Galilee. MT 26:7, MK 14:3 The oil is poured on Jesus’ head. LK 7:38, JN 12:3 On his feet. MT 26:7, MK 14:3, LK 7:37 An unnamed woman does the anointing. JN 12:3 It is Mary. MT 28:6-8 The women ran from the tomb “with great joy.” JN 20:1-2 Mary told Peter and the other disciple that the body had been stolen. (Would she feel “great joy” if she thought the body had been stolen?) MT 26:8 The disciples reproach her. MK 14:4 “Some” reproach her. JN 12:4-5 Judas Iscariot reproaches her. MT 26:14-25, MK 14:10-11, LK 22:3-23 Judas made his bargain with the chief priests before the meal. JN 13:21-30 After the meal. MT 26:20-29, MK 14:17-28, JN 13:21-30 Jesus forecasts his betrayal prior to the communion portion of the supper. LK 22:14-23 After the communion portion. MT 26:26-29, MK 14:22-25 The order of the communion was: bread, then wine. LK 22:17-20 It was: wine, then bread. MT 26:34, LK 22:34, JN 13:38 Peter was to deny Jesus before the cock crowed. MK 14:30 Before the cock crowed twice. MK 14:66-72 The cock crows after both the first and second denials. (Note: These discrepancies have been “translated out” in some Bible versions.) MT 26:40-45, MK 14:37-41 The disciples fall asleep three times. LK 22:45 One time. MT 26:49-50, MK 14:44-46 Jesus is betrayed by Judas with a kiss, then seized. LK 22:47-48 Jesus anticipates Judas’ kiss. No actual kiss is mentioned. JN 18:2-9 Jesus voluntarily steps forward to identify himself making it completely unnecessary for Judas to point him out. No kiss is mentioned. MT 26:51, MK 14:47, JN 18:10 The ear of a slave is cut off and left that way. LK 22:50-51 The severed ear is miraculously healed by Jesus. MT 26:52 Dispose of swords. All who take the sword will perish by it. LK 22:36-38 Buy swords. MT 26:57, MK 14:53, LK 22:54 After his arrest Jesus is first taken to Caiphas, the high priest. JN 18:13-24 First to Annas, the son-in-law of Caiphas, then to Caiphas. MT 26:18-20, 57-68, 27:1-2, MK 14:16-18, 53-72, 15:1 Jesus’ initial hearing was at night on Passover. In the morning he was taken to Pilate. LK 22:13-15, 54-66 The initial hearing took place in the morning on Passover. JN 18:28, 19:14 It took place the day before Passover, on the Day of Preparation. MT 26:59-66, MK 14:55-64 Jesus was tried by the entire Sanhedrin (the chief priests and the whole council). LK 22:66-71 There was no trial but merely an inquiry held by the Sanhedrin. JN 18:13-24 There was no appearance before the Sanhedrin, only the private hearings before Annas and then Caiphas. MT 26:63, LK 22:70 The high priest asks Jesus if he is the Son of God. MK 14:61 He asks Jesus if he is the Son of the Blessed. MT 26:64, LK 22:70 Jesus answers: “You have said so,” or words to this effect. MK 14:62 He answers directly: “I am.” MT 26:69-70 Peter makes his first denial to a maid and “them all.” MK 14:66-68, LK 22:56-57, JN 18:17 It was to one maid only. MT 26:71-72 Peter’s second denial is to still another maid. MK 14:69-70 (Apparently) to the same maid. LK 22:58 To a man, not a maid. JN 18:25 To more than one, “they.” MT 26:73-74, MK 14:70-71 Peter’s third denial is to bystanders (two or more). LK 22:59-60 To “another” (one). JN 18:26-27 To one of the servants. MT 26:74 The cock crowed once. MK 14:72 The cock crowed twice. MT 27:3-7 The chief priests bought the field. AC 1:16-19 Judas bought the field. MT 27:5 Judas threw down the pieces of silver, then departed. AC 1:18 He used the coins to buy the field. MT 27:5 Judas hanged himself. AC 1:18 He fell headlong, burst open, and his bowels gushed out. MT 27:11, MK 15:2, LK 23:3 When asked if he is King of the Jews, Jesus answers: “You have said so,” (or “Thou sayest”). JN 18:33-34 He answers: “Do you say this of your own accord?” MT 27:11-14 Jesus answers not a single charge at his hearing before Pilate. JN 18:33-37 Jesus answers all charges at his hearing before Pilate. MT 27:20 The chief priests and elders are responsible for persuading the people to ask for the release of Barabbas. MK 15:11 Only the chief priests are responsible. LK 23:18-23 The people ask, apparently having decided for themselves. MT 27:28 Jesus is given a scarlet robe (a sign of infamy). MK 15:17, JN 19:2 A purple robe (a sign of royalty). MT 27:32, MK 15:21, LK 23:26 Simon of Cyrene carries Jesus’ cross. JN 19:17 Jesus carries his own cross with no help from anyone. MT 27:37 The inscription on the cross read: “This is Jesus the King of the Jews.” MK 15:26 “The King of the Jews.” LK 23:38 “This is the King of the Jews.” JN 19:19 “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” MT 27:44 Both of those who are crucified with Jesus taunt him. LK 23:39-42 Only one taunts Jesus, and he is rebuked by the other for doing so. MT 27:46 Jesus asks God, the Father, why he has been forsaken. JN 10:30 Jesus says that he and the Father are one. MT 27:46-50, MK 15:34-37 Jesus’ last recorded words are: “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” LK 23:46 “Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit.” JN 19:30 “It is finished.” (Note: Even though both MT and MK represent direct quotes and are translated similarly, the actual Greek words used for God are different. MT uses “Eli” and MK uses “Eloi.”) MT 27:48, LK 23:36, JN 19:29 Jesus was offered vinegar to drink. MK 15:23 It was wine and myrrh, and he did not drink it. JN 19:29-30 Whatever it was, he did drink it. MT 27:54 The centurion says: “Truly this was the son of God.” MK 15:39 He says: “Truly this man was the son of God!” LK 23:47 He says: “Truly this man was innocent” (or “righteous”). MT 27:55, MK 15:40, LK 23:49 The women looked on from afar. JN 19:25-26 They were near enough that Jesus could speak to his mother. MT 27:62-66 A guard was placed at the tomb (the day following the burial). MK 15:42- 16:8, LK 23:50-56, JN 19:38-42 (No guard is mentioned. This is important since rumor had it that Jesus’ body was stolen and the Resurrection feigned.) MK 16:1-3, LK 24:1 (There could not have been a guard, as far as the women were concerned, since they were planning to enter the tomb with spices. Though the women were aware of the stone, they were obviously unaware of a guard.) MT 24:9 Even some of the disciples of Jesus will be killed. JN 8:51 If anyone keeps Jesus’ words, he will never see death. HE 9:27 [All] men die once, then judgement follows. MT 28:1 The first visitors to the tomb were Mary Magdalene and the other Mary (two). MK 16:1 Both of the above plus Salome (three). LK 23:55 – 24:1, 24:10 Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and “other women” (at least five). JN 20:1 Mary Magdalene only (one). MT 28:1 It was toward dawn when they arrived. MK 16:2 It was after sunrise. LK 24:1 It was at early dawn. JN 20:1 It was still dark. MT 28:1-2 The stone was still in place when they arrived. It was rolled away later. MK 16:4, LK 24:2, JN 20:1 The stone had already been rolled (or taken) away. MT 28:2 An angel arrived during an earthquake, rolled back the stone, then sat on it (outside the tomb). MK 16:5 No earthquake, only one young man sitting inside the tomb. LK 24:2-4 No earthquake. Two men suddenly appear standing inside the tomb. JN 20:12 No earthquake. Two angels are sitting inside the tomb. MT 28:8 The visitors ran to tell the disciples. MK 16:8 They said nothing to anyone. LK 24:9 They told the eleven and all the rest. JN 20:10-11 The disciples returned home. Mary remained outside, weeping. MT 28:8-9 Jesus’ first Resurrection appearance was fairly near the tomb. LK 24:13-15 It was in the vicinity of Emmaus (seven miles from Jerusalem). JN 20:13-14 It was right at the tomb. MT 28:9 On his first appearance to them, Jesus lets Mary Magdalene and the other Mary hold him by his feet. JN 20:17 On his first appearance to Mary, Jesus forbids her to touch him since he has not yet ascended to the Father. JN 20:27 A week later, although he has not yet ascended to the Father, Jesus tells Thomas to touch him. MT 28:7-10, MT 28:16 Although some doubted, the initial reaction of those that heard the story was one of belief since they followed the revealed instructions. MK 16:11, LK 24:11 The initial reaction was one of disbelief. All doubted. MT 28:1-18 The order of Resurrection appearances was: Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, then the eleven. MK 16:9-14 It was Mary Magdalene, then two others, then the eleven. LK 24:15-36 It was two, then Simon (Peter?), then the eleven. JN 20:14 – 21:1 It was Mary Magdalene, then the disciples without Thomas, then the disciples with Thomas, then the eleven disciples again. 1CO 15:5-8 It was Cephas (Peter?), then the “twelve” (which twelve, Judas was dead?), then 500+ brethren (although AC 1:15 says there were only about 120), then James, then all the Apostles, then Paul. MT 28:19 Jesus instructs his disciples to baptize. 1CO 1:17 Although he considers himself a disciple of Jesus, Paul says that he has not been sent to baptize. MK 1:2 Jesus quotes a statement that allegedly appears in Isaiah. No such statement appears in Isaiah. (Note: IS 40.3 is seen by some as equivalent to MK 1.2; MA 3.1 is a much better fit, however, given that Jesus is allegedly quoting word for word in MK 1:2.) MK 1:14 Jesus began his ministry after the arrest of John the Baptist. JN 3:22-24 Before the arrest of John the Baptist. MK 1:23-24 A demon cries out that Jesus is the Holy One of God. 1JN 4:1-2 Everyone who confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God. (Note: This would mean that the demon is of God.) MK 3:29 Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin. AC 13:39, CN 2:13, 1JN 1:9 All sins are forgivable. MK 4:11-12, 11:25 Jesus says that he uses parables so that the meaning of some of his teachings will remain secret to at least some persons. He explains the meanings of the parables only to his disciples. He thanks God for hiding some things from the wise while revealing them to “babes.” JN 18:20 Jesus says that he always taught openly, never secretly. MK 6:16 Herod was the source of the belief that John had been raised from the dead. LK 9:7 Others were the source. Herod was perplexed by the belief. MK 6:52 The people were so unimpressed with “the Feeding of the Multitude” that they did not even understand the event. JN 6:14-15 They were so impressed that they tried to force Jesus to be their king. MK 6:53 After the feeding of the 5000, Jesus and the disciples went to Gennesaret. JN 6:17-25 They went to Capernaum. MK 15:25 It was the third hour when Jesus was crucified. JN 19:14-15 It was after the sixth hour since Jesus was still before Pilate and had not yet been sentenced at that time. MK 16:1-2 The women came to the tomb to anoint the body. JN 19:39-40 The body had already been anointed and wrapped in linen cloth. MK 16:5, LK 24:3 The women actually entered the tomb. JN 20:1-2, 11 They did not. MK 16:14-19 The Ascension took place (presumably from a room) while the disciples were together seated at a table, probably in or near Jerusalem. LK 24:50-51 It took place outdoors, after supper, at Bethany (near Jerusalem). AC 1:9-12 It took place outdoors, after 40+ days, at Mt. Olivet. MT 28:16-20 No mention is made of an ascension, but if it took place at all, it must have been from a mountain in Galilee since MT ends there.) LK 1:15 John the Baptist had the Holy Spirit from before his birth or the birth of Jesus. LK 1:41 Elizabeth had it long before Jesus went away. LK 1:67 So did Zechariah. LK 2:25 So did Simeon. LK 11:13 It is obtained by prayer (presumably at any time). JN 7:39, JN 16:7, AC 1:3-5 The Holy Spirit cannot come into the world until after Jesus has departed. LK 8:12 The Devil causes unbelief. MK 4:11-12 Jesus is responsible for unbelief in at least some cases. 2TH 2:11-12 God is ultimately responsible for unbelief in at least some cases. LK 14:26 No one can be a disciple of Jesus unless he hates his parents, wife, children, brothers and sisters. 1JN 3:15 Whoever hates his brother is a murderer. 1JN 4:20 If anyone claims to love God but hates his brother, he is a liar. LK 18:9-14 Do not boast of your virtue. RO 11:20, 1PE 5:5 Do not be proud. RO 15:17, 2CO 1:12, HE 3:6, 2CO 2:14, 5:12, 11:17 Paul boasts of his faith and says that one should be proud of it. LK 22:3-23 Satan entered Judas before the supper. JN 13:27 It was during the supper. LK 23:43 Jesus promises one of those crucified with him that they will be together, that very day, in Paradise. JN 20:17, AC 1:3 Jesus was not raised until the third day and did not ascend until at least forty days later. LK 23:55-56 The women followed Joseph to the tomb, saw how the body had been laid, then went to prepare spices with which to anoint the body. JN 19:39-40 Joseph brought spices with him (75 or a 100 lbs.) and annointed the body (as the women should have noticed). JN 1:1, 10:30 Jesus and God are one. JN 14:28 God is greater than Jesus. JN 1:1 Jesus was God incarnate. AC 2:22 Jesus was a man approved by God. JN 3:17, 8:15, 12:47 Jesus does not judge. JN 5:22, 5:27-30, 9:39, AC 10:42, 2CO 5:10 Jesus does judge. JN 5:22 God does not judge. RO 2:2-5, 3:19, 2TH 1:5, 1PE 1:17 God does judge. JN 5:24 Believers do not come into judgement. MT 12:36, RO 5:18, 2CO 5:10, HE 9:27, 1PE 1:17, JU 1:14-15, RE 20:12-13 All persons (including believers) come into judgement. JN 5:31 Jesus says that if he bears witness to himself, his testimony is not true. JN 8:14 Jesus says that even if he bears witness to himself, his testimony is true. JN 5:38-47 Men have a choice as to whether or not to receive Jesus. JN 6:44 No one can come to Jesus unless he is drawn by the Father. JN 7:38 Jesus quotes a statement that he says appears in scripture (i.e., the OT). (No such statement is found in the OT.) JN 10:27-29 None of Jesus’ followers will be lost. 1TI 4:1 Some of them will be lost. JN 12:31 The Devil is the ruler (or “prince”) of this world. 1CO 10:26, RE 1:5 Jesus is the ruler of kings–the earth is his. JN 12:32 Jesus implies that all persons will be saved. 1TI 2:3-4, 2PE 3:9 God wants all to be saved. JN 12:40, AC 2:21, 2:39, RO 9:27, 10:13 Some will not be saved. RE 14:1-4 Heaven will be inhabited by 144,000 virgin men (only?). JN 13:36 Peter asks Jesus where he is going. JN 14:5 Thomas does the same. JN 16:5 Jesus says that none of them have asked him where he is going. JN 17:12 Jesus has lost none of his disciples other than Judas. JN 18:9 Jesus has lost none, period. JN 17:12 Mentions a “son of perdition” as appearing in scripture (meaning the OT). (Note: There is no “son of perdition” mentioned in the OT.) JN 18:37 Jesus came into the world to bear witness to the truth. RO 1:18-20 The truth has always been evident. JN 20:9 Jesus quotes a statement that he says appears in scripture (meaning the OT). (No such statement is found in the OT.) JN 20:22 In his first resurrection appearance before the assembled disciples, Jesus gives them the Holy Spirit. AC 1:3-5, AC 2:1-4 The Holy Spirit was received much later (on Pentecost.) JN 21:25 The world probably could not contain the books if all that Jesus did were to be recorded. AC 1:1 The author of Acts has already written about all that Jesus began to do. AC 5:19, 12:6-11 The disciples take part in a jailbreak made possible by an angel. AC 5:40-42 The disciples disobey the Council and continue to teach and preach Jesus. RO 13:1-4, 1PE 2:13-15 Obey the laws of men (i.e., government). It is the will of God. AC 5:29 Obey God, not men. RO 13:1-4, 1PE 2:13-15 Obey the laws of men (i.e., government). It is the will of God. AC 9:7 Those present at Paul’s conversion heard the voice but saw no one. AC 22:9 They saw a light but did not hear a voice. AC 9:7 Those present at Paul’s conversion stood. AC 26:14 They fell to the ground. AC 9:19-28 Shortly after his conversion, Paul went to Damascus, then Jerusalem where he was introduced to the Apostles by Barnabas, and there spent some time with them (going in and out among them). GA 1:15-20 He made the trip three years later, then saw only Peter and James. AC 9:23 The governor attempted to seize Paul. 2CO 11:32 It was the Jews who tried to seize Paul. AC 10:34, RO 2:11 God shows no partiality. He treats all alike. RO 9:11-13 God hated Esau and loved Jacob even before their birth. AC 10:34, RO 2:11 God shows no partiality. He treats all alike. RO 9:18 God has mercy on whoever he chooses, etc. AC 16:6 The Holy Spirit forbids preaching in Asia. AC 19:8-10 Paul preaches in Asia anyway. AC 20:35 Quotes Jesus as having said: “It is more blessed to give than to receive.” (No such statement of Jesus is found elsewhere in the Bible.) RO 2:12 All who have sinned without the law will perish without the law. RO 4:15 Where there is no law there is no transgression (sin). RO 2:13 Doers of the law will be justified. RO 3:20, GA 3:11 They will not be justified. RO 2:15 The law is written on the heart. Conscience teaches right from wrong. 1JN 2:27 Anointing by Jesus teaches right from wrong. RO 4:9 Faith was reckoned to Abraham as righteousness. JA 2:21 Abraham was justified by works (which made his faith perfect). RO 10:11 (An alleged OT quote; no such statement in the OT.) RO 14:21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor anything that might cause your brother to stumble or be offended. CN 2:16 Let no one pass judgement on you in matters of food and drink. 1CO 7:8-9 Widows should not marry (although it is better to marry than burn). 1TI 5:14 Young widows should marry, bear children, rule the household, etc.. 1CO 8:4 There is only one God. 2CO 4:4 Satan is God of this world (therefore there are at least two gods). 1CO 10:33 Paul says that he tries to please men (so they might be saved). GA 1:10 Paul says he would not be a servant of Christ if he tried to please men. 2CO 12:16 Paul says that he does use trickery. 1TH 2:3 Paul says that he does not use trickery. GA 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens. GA 6:5 Bear your own burden. 1TH 2:2 God gave Paul the courage to continue his work. 1TH 2:17-18 Satan hindered Paul. (Note: Who is stronger, Satan or God?) 1TI 1:15 Paul says that he is the foremost of sinners. 1JN 3:8-10 He who commits sin is of the Devil. Children of God do not sin. TI 6:20, 2TI 2:14-16, 3:1-7 Do not argue with an unbeliever. 2JN 1:10-11 Anyone who even greets an unbeliever shares his wicked work. 1PE 3:15 Always be ready to answer any man concerning your faith. JA 4:5 (Quotes an alleged scripture [OT] verse not found in the OT.) RE 8:7 All of the grass on earth is burned up, and then … REV 9:4 An army of locusts, which is about to be turned loose on the earth, is instructed not to harm the grass.
  18. I am sorry Gavin, but I am short on time.
    I was able to glance over the supposed contradictions – and I disagree.

    Most of them seem to be mis-understandings or taken out of context.
    Or simply you do not understand because you do not fully understand the Bible.

    I know that seems like a cop-out answer.. Well, it is one…
    But, like I said, I am short on time – I will give a longer response in time.


  19. Gavin, I just want you to know that I’m praying for you. If you took the time to find and write out all those supposed contradictions—quite a mammoth tastk—you were obviously trying very hard to find fault with God’s Word.

    I did not read every one, but I found problems with absolutely none of them. One could go to any words on any papers in history and find all the same contradictions if you really wanted to. If Brian wants to take the time to explain, he may, but I don’t imagine you’re really looking for that anyhow.

    Just remember: “The one who despises the Word will be in debt to it, but the one who fears the commandment will be rewarded.” (Proverbs 13:13)

    Someday, whether you believe it or not, you and the rest of mankind will stand before the holy God of Creation, and will answer to Him. If you are wrong about Him and His Word, there will no more defense on that day, there will be no second chance. I beg you—search the Word of God again—with an open hear this time—and with this thought: what if I’m wrong about all this…and God is right?

    “Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other. I have sworn by Myself, the word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness and will not turn back, that to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance. They will say of Me, “Only in the Lord are righteousness and strength.” Men will come to Him, and all who were angry at Him will be put to shame.” (Isaiah 45:22-24)

    What if you are wrong?

    Rejoicing in the God of my life,
    Abigail


  20. GA 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens.
    GA 6:5 Bear your own burden.

    Gavin,

    I too was once like you. I did not believe nor had any interest in it. If I was to believe a mere book, then why not choose to follow the yellow brick road instead of the bible? That has changed a great deal. And as a side note to Brian, it was Josh’s editor Bill Wilson that really helped answer my questions and we have grown to be great personal friends.

    Now as far as your list Gavin, I am guessing that you found that list, skimmed it, said “Yeah! This proves my doubts because the bible is wrong! If the bible has contradictions then it has to be lies!” and then copied it here to prove Brian, and all Christianity wrong. I would have done near the same thing a few years back. My question is this: have you looked at them yourself? Have you done your own research? It is not right to cut and paste someone else’s list as “proof” and not even look at the work itself.

    The problem with many of the items on your list is simple context and implied meaning with the text around it as a base.

    Let’s take a piece from your list at the end, because there is far too much for me to take on at once, and would you learn anything if I did the work for you anyhow?

    GA 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens.
    GA 6:5 Bear your own burden.

    Those 8 words by themselves do seem to be a big contradiction. But perhaps instead of cutting up the whole passage into what we want to see, we read the whole thing. Also, I am throwing some personal translation and life instances here, so I beg forgiveness if they go astray. This is from the NIV version from Bible.com just for record.

    1Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself, or you also may be tempted. 2Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. 3If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself. 4Each one should test his own actions. Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else, 5for each one should carry his own load.

    What 1-2 is clearly saying is that those who are spiritual should assist those that are struggling with sin. I myself, have personal sins that plague me as does everyone, so I discuss them with my friends, my family, my pastor, and so forth. They are my rock and help me when I am weak. Without them, fighting my sins would be much harder than it need be.

    Now in verse 3, it is stated that if you think you are without sin, you are simply wrong. All Christians have sins. Do not think that we feel we are some holier than thou without sin people. Not on your life! Every Christian struggles daily with sin. That will never change. And it is a very hard thing.

    Verse 4 states that we should measure our own actions for sin. In example, the guy next to me punched someone walking down the street. Does this mean that since he has done it, I too can punch that person without sin and regret? No. That is (un)common sense! If we both punch the person, then we are both wrong. So if I can measure my actions against what I know is wrong, can say I am doing right, and then I can be proud.

    Now here is the interesting fact with verse 5. It is not even a separate sentence from verse 4, meaning it is a direct continuation of the same sentence and thought. And verse 5 tells us that each man should carry his own load of this spiritual checks and balances and not place them on another’s actions.

    So, it is not about what we should and should not share our burdens, but that we should help each other to wage our battle on sin and do not let the sins of others influence our measure of what is right and wrong.

    Now for one other quick one that stood out in your list that made me chuckle a little.

    NU 11:33 God inflicts sickness.
    JB 2:7 Satan inflicts sickness.

    Without looking anything else up, you should see the answer. Let’s go back to the whole punching example. Since the person before my punched that person, am I physically unable to punch that person too? No, we both can do it. Is only one being able to hurt another? No, it is not a mutually exclusive club. Both God and Satan can inflict sickness to whatever gain the see fit in it. WAIT! Before you throw out the “If God is good and gentle and merciful, then why does he make his children sick?”, then you need to look it up. There are many good books out there, some are better than others, but take a look. If you are curious why, with all of these inconsistencies in the very founding book of the religion, the skeptics of the world have not been able to shake Christianity…then I suggest you do what I did. Simply ask “Why?” and start your own quest for answers. The road from there to here is amazing and ever so worth the journey!

    I do not know Brian, but I know a good Christian when I see one, so I am going to speak for him a little. If you have questions Gavin, we will both be happy to help you on your quest for answers. All you have to do is ask.

    With His love,
    Hunter


  21. Exactly Hunter.
    Very well put.



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